Town is the second most populous city in South Africa, forming
part of the metropolitan municipality of the City of Cape Town.
It is the provincial capital of the Western Cape, as well as the
legislative capital of South Africa, where the National Parliament
and many government offices are located.
of 2007 the city had a population of 3.5 million. Cape Town's
land area of 2,455 square kilometres (948 sq mi) is larger than
other South African cities, resulting in a comparatively lower
population density of 1,425 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,690
Town is famous for its harbour as well as its natural setting
in the Cape floral kingdom, including such well-known landmarks
as Table Mountain, The Waterfront and Cape Point. Cape Town is
one of the most popular South African destinations for tourism.
on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town was originally developed
by the Dutch East India Company as a victualling (supply) station
for Dutch ships sailing to Eastern Africa, India, and the Far
East. Jan van Riebeeck's arrival on 6 April 1652 established the
first permanent European settlement in South Africa. Cape Town
quickly outgrew its original purpose as the first European outpost
at the Castle of Good Hope, becoming the economic and cultural
hub of the Cape Colony. Until the Witwatersrand Gold Rush and
the development of Johannesburg, Cape Town was the largest city
in South Africa.